Reading Manga from your RISC OS desktop

posted in: Software | 0

As someone who’s never been an avid manga reader in the past, I took a look at !Manga from Rick Murray out of curiosity more than anything.

I was expecting an offline reader that would take in some sort of file containing the manga book you want to view and then spit out the book at you in pages. How very wrong I was! Manga is actually a graphical interface and reader for all manga books hosted at – which gives you access to thousands of free manga titles.

Manga can be downloaded for free from the Pling Store. Installation is very straightforward, you unpack !Manga from its zip file and drop it to where you want on your system.

When run, an icon appears on the icon bar that when clicked it will bring up a menu that gives you access to a huge list of manga books that once selected, will be downloaded on the fly via an SSL connection to

The main window will display details of the book, its author, what way the book is to be read (right-to-left usually with manga) and a few other details.

Flicking through pages is a little slow at times due to it pulling stuff from, but it’s definitely useable.

Rick has emphasised on this ROOL Forum thread that Manga is not complete yet, and does have some kinks to work out. Although from my time using it, it has only crashed once, so the program is definitely usable for reading manga for more than just a few minutes.

Compatibility-wise, Manga seems to work on most RISC OS machines you chuck at it. It works fine on my Raspberry Pi 2, it’s been reported to work fine on an ARMX6, Pandaboard and even a RiscPC running RISC OS 4.39.

Whether you’re into your manga or not, Manga is a pretty impressive project and is definitely worth checking out. It is still under development, you can keep tabs on how Rick is getting on with it on the ROOL Forums.

Under the Microscope: Passwords

posted in: Software | 1

A year ago I took a look at what password manager options there were out there for RISC OS, that article covered Passman from Kevin Wells as well as Qupzilla’s built-in password manager. I didn’t however cover !Passwords by John Peachey, who’s recently updated it to work on newer hardware such as the Raspberry Pi and Titanium – so without further ado, let’s take a look…

Passwords can be downloaded from John’s website, it requires the WBModule to run, which can also be downloaded from the same page.

Installation is as easy as you might expect for a small application like this, you unpack !Passwords from its zip file and drop it to where you want on your system.

When run, it opens up an icon on the icon bar, where you can click into the main password database or open up a configuration menu that allows you to hide the main window on display or to enable/disable the application’s ability to open up the password prompt to view your passwords when the application runs (by default you need to click on the icon bar menu to get a prompt to login to the password database and view/amend your passwords).

Adding, removing and amending passwords in the database once you’ve entered your password to login is as straightforward as you’d expect. There’s an option to name your password (i.e. Facebook login) and an option to add the username for that particular site/system, an optional comment and of course the password itself.

You’re given a default password to login to Passwords to begin with. You can change that password by clicking into the main passwords screen, middle-clicking and selecting ‘Change’. The password isn’t stored in plain-text within !Passwords or anywhere else on the system which is good.

The passwords themselves are stored in an encrypted format, although I can’t for the life of me identify what form of encryption has been used, they don’t appear to be hashed (MD5, SHA1 etc.) so I’m going to hazard a guess that they’re being compressed in some form or another. I wouldn’t bank on it being uncrackable but it gets the job done.

That’s all there is to tell really. Passwords is a nice, small little password manager that does exactly what it says on the tin, it stores your passwords safely.

Running RISC OS on Linux without emulation

posted in: General, Technology | 3
RISC OS Desktop on a Samsung Chromebook – Image: Jan Rinze

Back in February 2017, Timothy Baldwin announced on the RISC OS Open forums that he was working on an experimental port of RISC OS to Linux. Fast forward a year and a half later and the project’s progress has been impressive.

This port allows you to run RISC OS directly from within Linux, without the need for an emulator such as RPCEmu or Qemu.

The main advantage of running RISC OS directly means that, unlike virtual machines such as RPCEmu, there is no restriction on what RISC OS programs can do to the Linux environment, beyond that provided by Linux itself.

So the interaction between RISC OS and the host system will be similar to that of the Linux Subsystem that is implemented in modern versions of Windows. This allows for RISC OS to be able to interact with the host directly, rather than having to treat is as a separate machine on a LAN like you would with an emulator.

RISC OS Open Limited’s Desktop Development Enviroment (DDE) is required to build RISC OS. So this is required if you want to build this Linux port yourself. The DDE is proprietary software that can be bought from RISC OS Open directly.

This port can be built in a similar fashion to the traditional method as documented on ROOL’s website, it is not necessary to run InstallTools as the relevant files will be accessed from the DDE without copying. However this will not build the SDL front-end which connects RISC OS to the Linux graphics system, without it RISC OS is limited to a text only interface.

The port is by no means complete at the moment, but it does allow for a usable RISC OS desktop with working networking and domain resolution.

What this symbolises to me is – in a similar vein to how the emergence of the Raspberry Pi and similar boards a few years ago completely changed the way people use RISC OS for the better – this could open up much more opportunities for RISC OS later on down the line as the project progresses.

The Linux port of RISC OS can be downloaded from its GitHub page, which also has instructions for compiling it. For more information on the project check out this thread on the ROOL forums.

Packaging Confessions

posted in: Software | 0

Since June 2002 I have been offering software from my website,, to the RISC OS community, namely RiscLua, a port of Lua. New versions have come and gone,, to keep up with developments in Lua, and because I have often changed my mind about the best way to present the software for the user’s convenience.

This article is not about Lua but about packaging; it just happens that RiscLua is the only template that I have for discussing the subject. There are many possibilities; I am by no means sure that any of the ones that I have chosen in the past are optimal. In the end it is the user who must be the arbiter of that. So I certainly welcome feedback, and not just from users of RiscLua.

So what does the package contain? There are five main ingredients:

  • Executables – in this case lua, the interpreter, and luac, a bytecode compiler and disassembler.
  • System variables – defining a filetype run-action, so that programs can be run by doubleclicking the icon of a file – LUA_INIT for prelude code, run before any program – LUA_PATH to tell the require function where to find libraries of Lua code, and LUA_CPATH to do the same job for dynamic linking libraries (a feature not available before 2015, and probably of little relevance in the RISC OS context).
  • Utilities – for running in a Taskwindow, for displaying intermediate bytecode, and for linking in libraries and interpreter to produce standalone executables.
  • An HTML/CSS manual for the current version of Lua, with an extension for the non-standard, and in particular the RISC OS, parts of RiscLua.
  • Example programs and tutorial material.

At one point, in 2003, I implemented the interpreter as a relocatable module and used the Resource Filing System for the Obey files setting up the system variables. However I gave up this option when I realized that it was easier to keep other tasks insulated from errors if I implemented it as an application, even in the case of interpreting wimp-tasks. Besides, RISC OS has the convenient system of !Boot files for setting up system variables, defining filetypes and their run-actions and RMEnsuring the existence of resources. It would be daft not to take advantage of this.

To begin with I called the application !Lua. Later, as the versions multiplied and the chances grew that different versions would interfere with each other, I started to use the version number as part of the name, at least for the binary files. So the latest version is named  !rlua7. Then there is the question of where you put the other stuff: the documentation, the utilities and the examples? Inside the application, or outside? These choices are important for ease of updating, both for me and the user.

You might not want to download the whole package just for some trivial correction to the manual. It has been my habit to upload zip files to my website with FTP, so do I have one big zip file or lots of smaller ones? Writing tutorial material is, for me anyhow, a gradual process of many small steps. I suddenly get interested in this or that topic and fire off an addition to the tutorial material or to the examples.

A particularly thorny aspect for me has been the question of software libraries. Luckily Lua has by tradition taken the road of minimalism – provide as little extra possible and leave it to the user to write their own libraries. Provide possibilities not solutions. Lua is often compared unfavorably with Python on this score. But libraries bring into play the question of authority. In a small user-base each user may prefer to knit their own jersey rather than get one off the peg.

So I have been in two minds about providing libraries, not wishing to set them in concrete. This is particularly true of libraries for writing wimp-tasks or for the toolbox  where I have had second thoughts about the best approach quite frequently. Fortunately it is very easy for the user to set up their own libraries, because the require function discovers where to find them by using the strings package.path and package.cpath which the user can modify at the start of her program. The system variables LUA_PATH and LUA_CPATH are only used to initialise these strings.

The way that RiscLua is packaged is actually irrelevant for most uses, which only need to know where the Lua interpreter is and what its commandline arguments should be. A vital consideration, however, is whether the platform on which you use RISC OS has VFP or not. Until 2015 RISC OS only handled floating point calculations in software. In consequence it was never a good choice for intensive number-crunching. But things are different now and so RiscLua has to come in two packages, one for use with VFP and the other for use with the older ARM chips without it.

Under the Microscope: Protector

posted in: Games | 0

Since hitting the scene back in 2015, Amcog Games‘ release schedule has been relentless, with a few good quality releases hitting the PlingStore per year.

One of Amcog’s more recent releases is Protector, a retro-styled side-scrolling arcade shooter game launched back in November. The game is a commercial release and is available for purchase for £9.99.

The game itself

Presented in 16 millions colours and written using Amcog’s very own AMCOG Development Kit, the game’s story involves an alien invasion threatening the very existence of your world, so you’re tasked with being the Protector. If the invaders succeed in capturing a lifeform then they will transform into mutants.

You encounter bombers, bots, pods, podlings, rollers and missiles along the way to make things more difficult. If all of the lifeforms are destroyed then the planet will explode and the aliens will succeed in becoming mutated forever – beyond your inevitable destruction.

Protector is never ending, it has an unlimited number of levels for you to play through. On top of that, there’s six different types of aliens to pit your wits against.

Just like every other Amcog release, the game’s music tracks are all original, sound effects are also provided by Amcog’s RDSP virtual sound chip whiches generates synthesised sounds in real-time.

Playability-wise, the game’s levels are not particularly long in length, but the game’s difficulty definitely makes up for that. There’s a definitive learning curve to begin with, but once you’ve become used to the mechanics of the game it does become addictive. I feel like it can get a little boring and repetitive after a while of playing, but then again that’s not so much an issue with the game itself, it’s designed to be exactly what you’d expect from a retro arcade shooter.

Performance & Compatibility

In terms of performance, the game plays as it should for a game of this nature – it’s quick and not at all laggy with navigation. Responsiveness is also not an issue.

As the game is written in BBC BASIC, it should play fine on a vast majority of RISC OS machines, old or new. The game runs well on a Raspberry Pi 2 and I’d imagine it should be fine with pretty much any other modern RISC OS compatible board you throw at it – Titanium, Beagleboard etc.


Overall, Protector is another good title from Amcog – delivering a nostalgia-fueled side-scroller that has plenty of life in it thanks to having an unlimited amount of levels.

The game is a digital purchase via the Pling Store. If you’ve got a tenner to spare and want to help support further RISC OS game development from Amcog then giving Protector a spin isn’t a bad shout.

RISC OS Games Month 2018

August is Games Month on the RISC OS Blog, where we focus exclusively on gaming, be it reviewing new games or taking a trip down memory lane with a look at a classic title. Stay tuned for more games articles throughout August!